Raymond Loewy arrived in the United States in 1929, just in time for the great depression. As it happened the beginning of the depression was a fortuitous time for a talented designer with new ideas to arrive in the United States. The old design aesthetic was disappearing with the collapsing economy. Manufacturers wanted to stimulate demand for their products by offering customers new designs, and Loewy had an abundance of them with the ego to match. His mother had always told him, “It is better to be envied than pitied.”
“It is better to be envied than pitied.”Raymond Loewy
His first design was that of the Gestetner duplicator, which would remain unchanged for 40 years. His Coldspot refrigerator with non-rusting aluminium shelves won an international design prize in 1937. More impressively, it won over hundreds of thousands of American consumers in the tough markets of the 1930’s.
There was the International Harvesters Truck, the first all-welded locomotive for the Pennsylvania Railroad. (He started with the railroads by designing rubbish bins.
He was accused of being a shell(skin) designer starting with the machine then enclosing it. He replied, “But in many cases the shell is essential.” A locomotive without a shell would be non-functional.
Loewy’s best known and most innovative and influential design was the 1953 Studebaker Starliner. It was a light simple, sleek design introduced when other cars were sprouting tail fins. He felt that he had alienated the design industry by suggesting that cars should be lightweight and compact.
By the time of his death, Loewy had outlived many of his designs. Raymond Loewy was not only an extraordinary designer but a highly successful businessman in a game with overtones of art. He was able to get Americans to consume. His approach to design at its core was simple,
“WhatI had instinctively believed was being proved by hard sale figures. You take two products with the same function, the same quality and the same price, the better-looking one will outsell the other.”
Byars, M., & Riley, T. (2004). The design encyclopedia. Laurence King Publishing.
You may also be interested in
Affichiste. Name (literally ‘poster designer’) taken by the French artists and photographers Raymond Hains (1926-) and Jacques de la Villeglé (1926-), who met in 1949 and created a technique to create collages from pieces of torn-down posters during the early 1950s. These works, which they displayed for the first time in 1957, were called affiches lacérées (torn posters).
A leading development in the world of craft and design that took some time to arrive is the pottery wheel. The wheels of early potters were more like ‘Lazy Susans’ or ‘Turntables’ that were spun by hand to make it easier to make a pot.