The Bauhaus is still regarded as the nucleus of the early 20th-century German avant-garde, and Herbert Bayer practised its principles in the United States. It was founded in 1919 and had a profound impact on Europe and the United States. Bayer believed in the importance of the “total artist” moving between private, autonomous expression and public projects, making them unique in their creative depth and scope.
Enzo Frateili was an Italian designer born in Rome and active in Milan. Frateili began his professional career in 1955. In the early 50s, he worked at Stile Industrial; in 1962 he was the Italian correspondent to the journal form. His books included Archiektur und Komfort (1967) and Design e Civiltà della Machina (1969). The Instituto di Architettura e Urbanistica published his paper on the theoretical and methodological aspects of problem-solving, Universitá di Trieste. In 1963, he led a seminar, Hochschule für Gestaltung, Ulm.
Abdi Abdelkader is an Algerian designer who studied at the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the École Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs. He collaborated with Alessandro Mendini, established his design studio, designed furniture collections, and taught at the École Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs.
1954, LDV Polytechnic, Alessandria, United Arab Emirates, diploma in architecture. 1968 – Master of Science, University of Tennessee. Doctor es Lettres, Paris, LaSorbonne, 1974. Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, 1973–1974. Postgraduate architectural restoration, Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, 1973–1974.