Cedric Gibbons (1893-1960) was an American film set designer who replaced painted backdrops with three-dimensional sets. He managed a staff of talented unit art directors and signed a contract with MGM that gave him sole credit for every film the studio made in the USA. He was influenced by the 1925 Paris ‘Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industrials Modernes’, and designed the Oscar statuette in 1928 for the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. He was congratulated by architects for his French Renaissance sets for Marie Antoinette (1938). Between 1917 and 1955, he had screen credits in more than 1,500 films and won 11 Academy Awards.
John Eberson was an american designer who was known for his cinema décors. One of his earliest, the 1923 Majestic Theatre in Houston, Texas, was a loosely recreated garden of a late-Renaissance palazzo in Italy. Through his workshop Michelangelo Studios, he was was successful at producing elaborate plasterwork for his theatre décors in Spanish, Moorish, Dutch, Chinese and other styles.
Antoni Franciszek Groszewski was born in Kiebasin, Poland, and passed away in Stanton, California. He majored in interior decoration, illustration, and design at the Krakow art academy and a technical school in Königsberg, Germany. In 1909, he changed his name and moved to the United States.
He met Rex Whistler at the Slade, with whom he began making papier-maché masks. These piqued the interest of Sergei Diaghilev, who commissioned Messel to create masks for the Ballets Russes production Zéphyre et Flore in 1925. For his 1928 play This Year of Grace, Noel Coward commissioned sets and costumes.