A genus of perennial flowering herbs with a compound inflorescence, or subshrubs (family Asteraceae). They are indigenous to Asia and Eastern Europe and were first grown in China. There are now so many varieties and cultivars, commonly cultivated for ornament. In Design In many cultures, they have symbolic importance. In Japan, the emperor who occupies the Chrysanthemum Throne is symbolised by the chrysanthemum, and the flower appears on the Imperial Standard.