Jugendstil an artistic style

The weekly magazine Jugend no 14/1896 Jugendstil, an artistic style that originated around the mid-1890s in Germany and persisted throughout the first decade of the 20th century, derived its name from the Munich magazine Die Jugend (‘Youth’), which featured designs from the Art Nouveau period. In Jugendstil, two phases canRead More →

Shagreen Glass Case

Shagreen glasses case, China 19th Century Shagreen is fish skin used as a veneer to cover furniture and accessories. Also known as galuchat and sharkskin, shagreen is the skin on the belly of the dogfish. As a generic term, it is used to mean untanned animal hides made with pebble-textured surfaces. It wasRead More →

Sgraffito Pottery Example

An example of Sgraffito pottery by Katherine Hackl Sgraffito is a scratched pottery decoration, first used in China, which spread across Europe via Persia. The vessel is immersed in slip, and then the decoration is scratched on the surface to reveal the darker body below. It was often used withRead More →

Lithography example image

Lithography example A method of printing from a design drawn directly on a slab of stone or other suitable material. The design is not raised in relief as in woodcut or incised as in line engraving, but drawn on a smooth printing surface. Initially, this surface was provided with aRead More →

Necker Cube

The Necker cube illustrates how the eye can reach two conclusions. The two squares in the Necker cube can be perceived as either the front or the rear surface of the cube. Read More →

Neue Sachlichkeit - Design Term

The New Objectivity addressed the grievances in the Weimar Republic, such as poverty due to high inflation. Neue Sachlichkeit was a term coined in 1923 by Gustav Hartlaub, director of the Kunsthalle, Mannheim, as the title of an exhibition he organised to demonstrate the progress of post-war painting in Germany.Read More →


Basse-taille is a method for enamelling the graves or graves low-reliefs on a metal surface, typically gold or silver, and then covers it with translucent glazed enamel. (French: ‘low-cut’) This technique dramatises the play of light and shadow over the low-cut design and also gives the item a tone ofRead More →

As a visual designer, I am fascinated how people process visual perceptual information. The design process is about bringing order and form to our visual world. Gestalt Psychologists in the 1930’s suggested some basic perceptual rules that the brain automatically and unconsciously follows as it organises sensory information into meaningfulRead More →

Gesamtkunstwerk - Complete Art Work

The Bauhaus school was founded on the idea of Gesamtkunstwerk. Gesamtkunstwerk is an Artistic term; literally, ‘complete-art-work.’ Gesamtkunstwerk is an Artistic term; literally, ‘complete-art-work .’A concept formed in the 19th century in Germany indicating an amalgamation of all the arts, originally and most famouslyRead More →

Linoleum Floor Covering

Frederick Walton invented linoleum in Britain in 1860. Walton coated flax cloth with a combination of gum, cork dust, resin and linseed oil in search of a cheap floor covering. An amalgamation of the Latin Linum (‘flax’) and oleum (‘oil’) formed the word linoleum. ‘Floor Cloth’ was created by applying an oil-based paint toRead More →


Agitprop art (or the art of agitation). Art was used to manipulate ideological beliefs, specifically to spread the ideals of Communism in Russia in the period immediately following the 1917 revolution. The term ‘agitprop’ (an abbreviation for agitation propaganda: ‘agitational propaganda’) was first used shortly after the Revolution, and theRead More →


Affichiste. Name (literally ‘poster designer’) taken by the French artists and photographers Raymond Hains (1926-) and Jacques de la Villeglé (1926-), who met in 1949 and created a technique to create collages from pieces of torn-down posters during the early 1950s. These works, which they displayed for the first time in 1957, were called affiches lacérées (torn posters). Read More →