Before 1840, nearly all the world’s wallpaper came from France, where it was hand-printed, using blocks and sheets of paper to produce a limited line of patterns. Making wallpaper by hand was a costly process, and only the very wealthy could afford to buy it.
Dante Gabriel Rossetti was a British painter and poet. He was born in London. He studied drawing with Cotman and, in 1848, with Holman Hunt.
In contrast to the 19th-century trend towards factory-produced textiles, William Morris (1834-1898), a founder of the British Arts and Crafts movement, strove to revive hand-made crafts’ reputation and technique, including textiles.
Morris believed his responsibility was “to revive a sense of beauty in home life, to restore the dignity of art to household decoration.
Philip Webb was a British architect and designer; he was born in Oxford. Between 1849-52 he trained under architect John Billing in Reading.