A method of printing from a design drawn directly on a slab of stone or other suitable material. The design is not raised in relief as in woodcut or incised as in line engraving, but drawn on a smooth printing surface. Initially, this surface was provided with a slab of unique limestone, but metal (usually zinc or aluminium) or more recently plastic sheets were prefered because they are less bulky.
Regency tankards were made in England during the Regency, 1811-20, with intricate low-relief figures adorning both the body and handle, often depicting scenes from mythology or history. They are highly sought after by collectors and enthusiasts as they represent a unique piece of history and artistry.
The term “wrought iron” refers to the material rather than the products made of iron. Modern mild steel has supplanted wrought iron, a forgeable ferrous material used up until about the middle of the twentieth century. Because of the extensive forming required during its production—under power hammers and through rollers—it was originally referred to as “wrought” (or “worked”).
The term mission furniture was first popularized by Joseph P. McHugh of New York, a furniture manufacturer and retailer. The word mission references the Spanish missions throughout colonial California. The style became increasingly popular following the 1901 Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo.
Ablution basin. A type of basin for holding water intended: (1) in ecclesiastical usage, for rinsing the hands or some object of church plate, such as a chalice; or (2) in secular usage, for rinsing the fingers at the dinner table (sometimes called a rose-water basin). Its founder donated two ecclesiastical ablution basins in 1515-16 to Corpus Christi College, Oxford. Bishop Richard Fox. See alms dish.
Amstelhoek was a Dutch pottery founded in 1897 by Willem Christiaan Hoeker. It produced dark-coloured vases and bowls with white in-lays, brown vases with blue decorations and small animal-shaped vases with white inlays on darkgrounds. In 1903 it went bankrupt, but was still producing earthenware until 1907, when it was taken over by the majolica tirm Haga, which merged with the larger De Distel plant in 1910.
Anthropometrics is a systematic study of human measurement that was increasingly used by designers dealing with design issues involving human movement in the decades following WWII. Their implementation of a more analytical and methodical approach to design problems had a lot in common with the techniques studied at the Hochschule für Gestaltung in Ulm from the mid-1950s to the 1960s, as well as the Design Methods trend.
Abstracta is a system for constructing demountable metal cage structures suitable for display and exhibition constructions and other uses, designed by Danish designer Poul CADOVIUS in 1960. Linear elements are sections of tubing cut to module length dimensions, and connectors are starlike castings. It is easy to assemble, take apart, and reuse and is used in a variety of commercial applications.
Salvatore Colonnese founded Neapolitan pottery in 1834 and 1836, shifting production away from everyday useful ware and towards artistic pieces inspired by English ware and classical Roman pottery. The Colonnese family, Salvatore, his sons, Francesco and Gaetano, and a nephew, Alphonso, made a variety of wares, from drain pipes to hybrid porcelain. Classical myths and legends lent kudos to objects, imbuing them with the grandeur of the ancient world.
A silver-gilt convex shield with a sizable central medallion depicting the shield of encrusted iron made by the god Hephaestus for Achilles at Troy, as it is described by Homer in Book 18 of the Iliad. The medallion, which depicts in high relief a figure of the Sun (Apollo) standing in a quadriga (a chariot drawn by four horses), is within a broad border decorated with a continuous frieze.
Danish Modern From the 1950s onwards, this term, along with its Scandinavian and Swedish counterparts, was widely used to describe those aspects of Danish design that acknowledged some of the characteristics of Modernism but were distinguished by the use of more traditional materials, natural finishes, organic shapes, sculptural form, and a respect for craftsmanship.