Futurism was an art movement consisting of painting, sculpture, and literature that flourished from 1909. It was established by Italian, poet, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti and inspired by Cubism. Marinetti coined the term Futurism for the art movement that he founded. He intended it as a celebration of modernity and a rejection of romance and sentiment, it was dedicated to modernity and speed, to the violent, the urban and the mechanical.
Alfred H. Barr Jr. coined the term in 1931 in conjunction with Philip Johnson and Henry-Russell Hitchcock’s 1932 “Modern Architecture: International Exhibition” (along with the accompanying book International Style: Architecture Since 1922) at the New York Museum of Modern Art, where Barr was director.