Design Classic – Iconic Architecture
Jorn Utzøn studied under Steen Eiler Rasmussen at the Academy of Art in Copenhagen. He was influenced considerably by the modern Swedish architect Gunnar Asplund and the Finnish architect Alvar Aalto, both of whom he worked for.
Utzon travelled to Mexico, the Far East, and North Africa early in his career. He was enthralled with Morocco’s flat-roofed mud huts, which influenced his Kingo housing project in Birkehoj, Zeeland (1963). A sequence of L-shaped cubic dwellings with courtyards was used in the small-scale development. He subsequently built a church in Bagsvaerd, Denmark, from 1969 to 1975, whose hard and intimidating facade, consisting of a succession of cubes and rectangles, belied the serene interior.
Sydney Opera House
The design of the Sydney Opera House (1956-73), which he won in an international competition, was Utzon’s crowning achievement. He envisioned a solid sculptural building made of a series of giant interlocking billowing white ‘sails’ inspired by the ships of Sydney Harbour. Commenting on the design, Utzon said; ‘If you think of a Gothic church, you are close to what I have been aiming at… looking at a Gothic church, you never get tired, you will never be finished with it… the interplay of light and movement makes a living thing.’
The acoustics, which had to be modified multiple times, was one of the most challenging aspects of the construction. These issues proved incredibly costly to resolve, causing construction prices to skyrocket. As a result, national lotteries were held to obtain more finances. Still, Utzon deemed the economies and adjustments to compromise. He resigned from the project before it was completed.
Dormer, P. (1999). The illustrated dictionary of twentieth century designers: the key personalities in design and the applied arts. Greenwich Ed.
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Pierre Jeanneret (1896 – 1967) was a Swiss architect and builder. He was a talented painter, artist, and architect as a young student, greatly inspired by Charles-Édouard Jeanneret ( Le Corbusier), his cousin and life mentor. From 1916 to 1918, he served in the Swiss Army as a cyclist.