Enid Crystal Dorothy Marx (1902 – 1998) British textile and graphic designer

Enid Crystal Dorothy Marx (1902 – 1998) British textile and graphic designer. Enid Marx was one of the most influential pattern designers of the twentieth century, though full credit for her work was denied for a long time due to her early connections with the Arts and Crafts movement and her own promotion of the design qualities of folk art.

Photo of Enid Marx
Photo of Enid Marx


She studied painting and wood engraving at the Royal College of Art in London, as well as at the Central School of Arts and Crafts.


She established her own textile printing workshop after working with Barron and Larcher from 1925 to 27. Her work drew the attention of Gordon Russell, who aided her career. She created patterned papers for books and wrapping, book jackets for Chatto and Windus and Penguin, illustrations, trademarks, printed and woven fabrics, wallpapers, posters for London Transport, Shell calendars, ceramics, plastics, and postage stamps.

Underground moquette, 1937, pencil and gouache on paper.
Underground moquette, 1937, pencil and gouache on paper.

London Transport 1937

She created a line of Modern moquette fabrics for London Transport in 1937.  The fabric was durable and did not show dirt easily, but it was also modern and appropriate for electric transportation. This brief was difficult to complete because the textile manufacturers refused to provide all of the technical information she required. Frank Pick, London Transport’s commercial manager, had to step in.

With Margaret Lambert, she co-wrote the book When Victoria Began to Reign (1939) on British folk art.

She was a member of the Utility Furniture Advisory Panel from 1944 to 1947, designing a series of upholstery fabrics as well as the majority of the Utility furniture while working with very limited materials. She designed fabrics for Edinburgh Weavers as well as some that she printed herself; one of her fabrics produced by Morton Sundour was featured at the 1951 ‘Festival of Britain.’ Her utilitarian and richly textured textile designs featured muted abstract patterns of chevrons, stripes, stars, and circles.

Later career

Marx’s repertoire expanded to include plastic laminates and synthetic fabrics in the 1950s. She says: ‘Designing for synthetic textiles, for example, is far more difficult than designing for natural ones; with synthetics it is necessary to discover, or introduce, qualities to validate them in their own right; they have for too long been used purely imitatively’

Sample of Works


In 1944, she was elected Royal Designer for Industry. She participated in the 1946 ‘Britain Can Make It’ exhibition and 1951 ‘Festival of Britain.’ Her work was the the subject of an exhibition at the CamdenArts Centre in London, and included in the ‘CC41: Utility Furniture and Fashion, 1941 – 1951 ‘exhibition at the Geffrye Museum in London.


Byars, M., & Riley, T. (2004). The design encyclopedia. Laurence King Publishing.

Dormer, P. (1999). The illustrated dictionary of twentieth century designers: the key personalities in design and the applied arts. Greenwich Ed.

Enid Marx and Utility Textiles. Warner Textile Archive. (2020, February 4). https://www.warnertextilearchive.co.uk/blog/enid-marx-and-utility-textiles/.

Why the textile designer Enid Marx matters today. (n.d.). https://www.craftscouncil.org.uk/stories/why-textile-designer-enid-marx-matters-today.

Wikipedia contributors. (2021, March 29). Enid Marx. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:20, May 9, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Enid_Marx&oldid=1014868551\

More Designers

  • Ray Komai (1918 – 2010 ) American Graphic, Industrial and Interior Designer

    Ray Komai Masks

    Ray Komai was a Japanese American; he was a graphic, industrial and interior designer. He studied in Los Angeles at the Art Center College. He settled in New York in 1944, where he worked in advertising and set up a graphic design and advertising office (with Carter Winter). J.G. Furniture created Komai’s 1949 moulded plywood chair with a split seat and bent metal legs. They produced his other designs of chairs, tables and upholstered seating as well.Read More →

  • Candace Wheeler (1827 – 1923) American textile and wallpaper designer

    Candace Wheeler fabric

    THE MOTHER OF INTERIOR DESIGN She is noted for helping to open the field of interior design to women, supporting craftswomen, and for encouraging a new style of American design.Read More →

  • Alexander Girard (1907 – 1993) American interior, & Textile designer

    Alexander Girard (1907 – 1993) was a man of many design talents. He trained asRead More →

  • Junichi Arai (1932 – 2017) Japanese textile designer and producer

    Junichi Arai textile featured image

    Junichi Arai (1932 – 2017) was a Japanese textile designer and producer born in Kiryu, Gunma. As the sixth generation of a mill-owning family, Arai grew up with fabrics being woven for obis and kimonos. He held traditional weaving methods in high regard and the skills that only the human hand can have in the art of fabric making. Read More →

  • Enid Crystal Dorothy Marx (1902 – 1998) British textile and graphic designer

    Dorothy Marx textile designer featured image

    Designs for London Underground seats. She studied painting and wood engraving at the Royal College of Art in London, as well as at the Central School of Arts and Crafts.Read More →

  • Eileen Ellis (b.1933) British textile designer

    Eileen Ellis British textile designer featured image

    Between 1952 and 1954, Ellis was a textile department student at Central School of Arts & Crafts, specialising in weaving (she took a National Diploma in the subject).Read More →

  • Ross Franklin Littell (1924 – 2000) American textile and furniture designer

    Ross Littell featured image

    Ross Franklin Littell (1924 – 2000) was an American textile and furniture designer known forRead More →

  • Sven Markelius (1889 – 1972) – Swedish Architect, Textile Designer

    Sven Markelius Chairs

    Sven Markeilus (1889- 1972) was a Swedish Architect, Town Planner and textile designer born in Stockholm. He taught in Stockholm and at Yale University. In the 1950s, Markelius designed simple wooden furniture and printed fabrics with Astrid Sampe, produced by Nordiska in Stockholm.Read More →

  • Marjatta Metsovaara (1927 – 2014) Finnish Textile Designer

    Marjatta Metsovaara Finnish Textile Artist

    Metsovaara’s style ranged from designs made up of organic forms in vibrant hues to muted neutral tones. She designed for 10 mills in Finland and abroad by 1967, and she made both printed and woven textiles. She ran her design studio and weaving mill in Urjala, Finland.Read More →

  • Margaret Simeon (1910 – 1999) British Textile Designer

    Margaret Simeon featured image

    She worked as a freelance designer of garment and furnishings textiles. Allan Walton Textiles, Edinburgh Weavers, Campbell Fabrics, and Fortnum and Mason were among her clientele. She taught textile printing at the Royal College of Art.Read More →

  • Thomas Lamb – Industrial Designer – “The Handle Man”

    Kitchen Tools with Lamb Wedge-Lock Handles by Thomas Lamb

    Thomas Lamb founded his textile design studio at seventeen, specialising in advertising, fashion, and magazine illustration. In the 1920s, his bedspreads, napkins, and draperies were immensely popular. Many New York department stores carried them, including Lord & Taylor, Macy’s, and Saks Fifth Avenue.Read More →

  • Jacqueline Groag (1903 – 1986) Czech textile designer

    Jacqueline Groag Textiles

    Jacqueline Groag (1903 – 1986) was a Czech textile designer and ceramicist. Born in Prague she studied in Vienna at the Kunstgewerbeschule during the 1920s. In 1937 she moved to Paris where she designed dress prints for Jeanne Lanvin, Elsa Schiparelli and others.Read More →

  • Gere Kavanaugh American textile, industrial & interior designer

    Gere Kavanaugh Textile

    Kavanaugh worked for General Motors as a stylist, primarily designing exhibitions to demonstrate autos and creating displays, model kitchens, and interiors. She was one of the company’s first female designers, called the “Damsels of Design” by design director Harley Earl. Read More →

  • Primerose Bordier (1929 – 1995) French textile designer

    Primrose Bordier (1929 – 1995) was a French designer known for her colourful and innovative home textiles. She studied at the Atelier Charpentier in Paris.Read More →

  • Boris Kroll (1913 – 1991) American Textile Designer

    Textile featured image

    In 1938, he founded Cromwell Designs, which began by weaving Modern furniture fabrics on a handloom with a bathtub for dying yarns. He began employing power looms in 1939. Boris Kroll Fabrics, New York, was founded by him in 1946. Cotton and novelty spun rayon was used.Read More →

  • Anni Albers (1899 – 1994) German Textile Designer, artist and teacher

    Anni Albers

    Anni Albers was a German Textile Designer, artist and teacher. She was born in Berlin and was the Wife of Josef Albers.Read More →

  • Lucienne Day (1917 – 2010) influential textile designer

    Lucienne and Robin Day

    Lucienne Day was one of the most influential post-war British textile designers. She developed a unique style of pattern making. READ MORERead More →

  • Elizabeth Peacock (1880 – 1969) British textile designer and teacher.

    She was best known for the eight banners commissioned by Leonard and Dorothy Elmhirst for the Great Hall in Dartington between 1934 and 1938. She was a spinner, dyer, and weaver and an outstanding teacher from 1940 until 1957.Read More →

  • Allan Walton (1891 – 1948) British painter, decorator, architect and textile designer

    Allan Walton designer featured image

    He commissioned some of the most innovative screen prints of the 1930s, designed by Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant, as a principle of Allan Walton Fabrics. Read More →

  • Minnie Macleish (1876 – 1957 ) British textile designer

    Minnie Macleish British textile designer

    She collaborated with Charles Rennie Mackintosh and Constance Irving at London’s Foxton textiles and Amsterdam’s Metz store. Macleish was a prolific designer during the 1920s and 1930s, creating patterns for Morton Sundour fabrics.Read More →

  • Annie Coop – Australian Textile Studio

    Annie Coop featured image

    Index: abc | def | ghi | jkl | mno | pqr | stu |Read More →

  • Marie Teinitzer (1879 – 1960) Czech textile artist and producer

    Marie Teinitzerová featured image

    Marie TeinitzerovĂĄ was born in a little town near Pelhimov called kov. However, she and her parents soon relocated to Jindichv Hradec. In Vienna and Brno, she studied painting. She attended the School of Applied Arts in Prague from 1905 to 1906, then a weaving school in Berlin in 1906. Her research tour took her to Denmark, Sweden, and France, where she attended tapestry workshops in Paris. She returned to Prague in 1908.Read More →

  • Hiroshi Awatsuji (1929 – 1995) Japanese Textile Designer

    Hiroshi Awatsuji featured image

    Hiroshi Awatsuji (1929- 1995) was a Japanese textile and graphic designer: born in Kyoto. He was considered the first Japanese textile designer to be recognised for contemporary design rather than for traditional art and craft. The main characteristic of his work was over sized motifs.Read More →

  • Margaret Leischner (1908 – 1970) German textile designer

    Margaret Leischner featured image

    She began teaching weaving at the Bauhaus in 1931. She worked at the Dresdener Deutsche Werkstatten in 1931, designing woven textiles, and was the head of the weaving department at the Berlin Modeschule from 1932 to 1936. She worked as the head designer for Gateshead, a British fabric manufacturer.Read More →

  • Laura Ashley (1926 – 1988) British fabric and fashion designer

    Laura Ashley featured image

    Laura Ashley was one of the first British designers to experiment with the concept of lifestyle marketing. Her romantic vision of nineteenth-century rural life, adapted to modern domestic realities, inspired a generation of middle-class Britons who returned to country life in the 1960s and 1970s.Read More →

  • Masakazu Kobayashi ( b.1944 ) Japanese textile designer

    Masakzu Kobayashi preparing for exhibition

    Masakazu Kobayashi is a Japanese textile designer. He studied at the University of Arts, Kyoto, Japan. Between 1966 and 1975, he worked as a textile designer for Kawashima. He manifested traditional textile techniques and aesthetics in his work. He developed both production fabrics and large-scale fibre works.Read More →

  • Friedl Dicker (1899 – 1944) Austrian architect and furniture, interior, and textile designer

    Friedl Dicker featured image

    Friedl Dicker was an Austrian architect and furniture, interior, and textile designer, she was born in Vienna. Read More →

  • Robert Yorke Goodden (1909-2002) British architect and designer

    Robert Yorke Goodden featured image

    He was in private practice since 1932. Wallpapers, domestic machine-pressed glassware for Chance Bros., 1953 coronation hangings for Westminster Abbey, gold and silverwares, ceremonial metalwork, glassware for King’s College, Cambridge, 1961 metal-foil murals for the oceanliner Canberra, engraved and sandblasted glass murals for Pilkington. Read More →

  • Alastair J.F. Morton (1910 – 1963) British textile manufacturer and painter

    Alastair Morton textile featured image

    Morton joined his family’s Morton Sundour Fabrics in 1931 and oversaw the company’s first screen-printed fabrics. He was the artistic director and principal designer of Edinburgh Weavers in Carlisle, which was established in 1928 as Morton Sundour’s creative design unit from 1932 to 1935. From the 1930s, he was a supporter of the Modern movement, commissioning works from well-known painters and artists.Read More →

  • Hannah Ryggen (1894 – 1970) Swedish textile designer

    Hannah Ryggen featured image

    Hannah Ryggen (1894 – 1970) was a textile designer and teacher from Sweden. She was born in Malmö and worked professionally in Norway.Read More →

  • Christine Van der Hurd – British textile designer

    Boe collection by Christine Van der Hurd

    Christine Van der Hurd is a British textile designer and is professionally active in New York and London. She studied at the Winchester School of Art, Hampshire, until 1973Read More →

  • Angelo Testa (1921 – 1984) American fabric designer

    Angelo Testa

    Angelo Testa (1921 – 1984) was an American fabric designer. He studied at the Institute of Design, Chicago, to 1945. As well as being a fabric designer, he was a painter and sculptor. He designed the 1941 Little Man abstract floral fabric, widely published and hailed as a new direction in textile design. It all began, in fact, with a doodle. A free-form sketch with a dancing shape that intrigued its artist.Read More →

  • Illustrator Charlotte Edey creates soft yet bold dream-like worlds

    Charlotte Edey is a British printing, textile and embroidery artist & illustrator. Her interdisciplinary discovery of the intersections of identity and the spiritual reveals the symbolism and myth within her work. Womxn’s experience of colour is centred in her commentary on the politics of space.Read More →

  • Barbro Nilsson (1899 – 1982) Swedish Textile Designer

    Barbro Nilsson featured image

    Barbro Nilsson (1899 – 1982) was a Swedish Textile Designer. She was born in Malmö. Between 1913-17, she studied weaving, at Brunsson Vavskola, under Johanna Brunsson and Alma Jakobsson. Between 1917-20, at the Konstfackskolan and Tekniska Skolan, Stockholm. Read More →

  • Benno Premsela (1920 – 1997) Dutch textile and exhibition designer

    Benno Premsela featured image

    Benno Premsela (1920 – 1997) was a Dutch textile and exhibition designer. He studied interior design at the Nieuwe Kunstschool, Amsterdam. Read More →

  • Ronald Grierson British, textile, carpet and wallpaper designer

    Ronald Grierson Textiles

    Ronald Grierson was a British designer of textiles, carpets, and wallpaper. He studied at theRead More →

  • Helen Abson Australian Architect and Fabric Designer

    Helen Abson

    Helen Abson, who trained as an architect, is an Australian designer. She pursued architecture for five years; founded ZAB Design where she designed fabrics that exhibited a preoccupation for texture achieved through pattern and colour.Read More →

  • French fabrics in the art deco style

    French Fabrics in the art deco style

    Emile-Jacques Ruhlmann | “Sarrazin” Textile | The Metropolitan Museum of Art Ruhlmann used the sameRead More →

  • Marianne Straub Swiss weaver and designer

    Marianne Straub

    Marianne Straub was a Swiss designer and weaver and designer she was born in Amriswil.Read More →

  • Gertrud Preiswerk Swiss textile designer

    Gertrud Preiswerk

    Gertrud Preiswerk was a Swiss textile designer she was born in Basel. Between 1926 andRead More →

  • Maya Romanoff American textile designer

    Maya Romanoff textiles

    Maya Romanoff was an American Textile Designer. He studied at the University of California atRead More →

  • Karen Vibeke Klint – Danish Textile Designer

    Karen Vibeke Klint - Textile Pattern

    Karen Vibeke Klinti s a Danish weaver and textile designer, educated in 1949 from the Arts and Crafts School in Copenhagen . Vibeke Klint has been extremely active in the latter half of the twentieth century, both as a craftsman, designer, teacher,.Read More →

You may also be interested in

Gordon Russell (1892 – 1980) British furniture maker and designer

Gordon Russell (1892 – 1980) was a British Furniture Maker and Designer. He began working at his father’s modest antiques restoration workshop in 1908, where he learned various crafts and oversaw repairs. In 1910, he began designing furniture. After World War I, he manufactured furniture in the style of Ernest Gimson.

Dorothy Draper (1889 – 1969) American interior designer

Dorothy Draper (1889 – 1969) was an American interior designer. She was born in Tuxedo Park, New York. Draper’s upper-crust upbringing, Tuxedo Park was one of the first gated communities in the United States. Dorothy’s parents were part of an old New England family with longstanding social connections.

Eileen Ellis (1933 – ) British textile designer – Encyclopedia of Design

Eileen Ellis (1933 – ) was a British textile designer. Between 1952 and 1954, Ellis was a textile department student at Central School of Arts & Crafts, specialising in weaving (she took a National Diploma in the subject). She worked with Marianne Straub at Hornsey School of Art (now Middlesex Polytechnic).

Christine Van der Hurd – British textile designer – Encyclopedia of Design

Christine Van der Hurd is a British textile designer and is professionally active in New York and London. She studied at the Winchester School of Art, Hampshire, until 1973. Van der Hurd settled in the USA in 1977. She designed textiles for clients, including Jack Lenor Larsen, Donghia, and Kenzo.

Designers by Country

Comments are closed, but trackbacks and pingbacks are open.