Karel Teige (1900 – 1951) was a Czech art critic, painter, typographic artist and collagist. He was born in the Czech Republic.
Teige earned a bachelor’s degree in art history from Prague’s Charles University.
Between the wars, Teige was a prominent figure in Czech art and architecture. He was the editor of many avant-garde magazines, including Disk, Stavba, and ReD, and wrote about photography. Devétsil’s first exhibits included Cubist-style paintings and drawings. He created the new medium of Pictorial Poems in 1923, fusing painting and poetry; inspired by Soviet Constructivism, he advocated for “proletarian” art. In 1929, he gave a lecture on new forms in Czech art at the Bauhaus in Dessau. Hannes Meyer invited him to organise conferences on “Sociology and Architecture,” a description of which appeared in the revue ReD in 1929.
His photomontage book covers, posters, and typography were notable as he later specialised in typography, photomontage, and stage design. He developed intricate collages focused on the metamorphosis of the female body from 1935 to 1941 when he turned to Surrealism.
Dluhosch, E., Svacha, R., & Frampton, K. (1999). Karel Teige/1900-1951: L’enfant terrible of the Czech modernist avant-garde. MIT Press. Retrieved from https://amzn.to/3xtm7nT.
Michalová Rea. (n.d.). Karel Teige: Captain of the avant-garde. KANT. Retrieved from https://amzn.to/3FNFDhG.
Teige, K. (2001). Modern Architecture in Czechoslovakia and other writings. Getty Research Institute for the History of Art & the Humanities Humanities. Retrieved from https://amzn.to/3I2pBm3.
Teige, K. (2014). Alphabet. Redstone Press. Retrieved from https://amzn.to/3HVd8AR.
Teige, K., & Dluhosch, E. (2002). The minimum dwelling = l’habitation minimum = die kleinstwohnung. MIT Press. Retrieved from https://amzn.to/3rhEV8y.
More Czech Designers
You may also be interested in
Augustus Saint-Gaudens (1848 – 1907) was a sculptor who was born in Dublin, Ireland. He attended the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art in New York and the National Academy of Design. He began his studies at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1867.
Vlastislav Hofman (1884 – 1964) was a Czech architect, designer and artist. He studied at the Czech Technical University. He worked in the building department of the Prague magistrate. He was a member of the Artel Cooperative and Mánes Association of Plastic Artists. In 1911 he left Mánes and joined the group of plastic artists.
Czech cubism influenced by the forms of contemporary cubist painting seen in Prague’s galleries and salons at the beginning of the 20th century. Czech Cubism embraced architecture, design and decorative arts and flourished most prolifically in the years immediately preceding and following the outbreak of the First World War.
Josef Pohl (1894 – 1975) was a Czech lighting designer. He designed the 1929 precursor of the adjustable lamp. Gerd Balzer produced his model. As part of its Kamden collection, Korting und Mathieson created a similar lamp. Pohl and others at the Bauhaus also executed the prototype adjustable wall lamp illustrated in Staaliches Bauhaus, Weimar and produced by Jucker.