German Jewish silversmith
Emmy Roth (1885 – 1942) was a German Jewish Silversmith.
She did a gold and silversmith apprenticeship at Conrad Anton Beumers in Düsseldorf, as well as apprenticeships in other gold and silversmith workshops.
In 1916, she established her workshop in Berlin-Charlottenburg. Her early work was influenced by the Baroque, but her later work was more straightforward, as evidenced by her fruit dish in The Studio, 1929. She belonged to the Deutcher Werkbund. She hammered metal into various useful objects, including lids that doubled as fruit bowls and extendible candelabra. She was noted for her art that was both innovative and perfectly proportioned.
Her metalwork designs of the late 20s and early 30s are highly distinctive, combining high standards of craftsmanship with modern design. Another typical feature of her work is the reference to contemporary architectural designs, as is evident in a comparison of one of her works with Erich Mendelsohn’s.
Since 1925, Roth had participated in trade shows, including the German Building Exhibition in Berlin in 1931 and the Paris World Exhibition in 1937 in the Israeli pavilion. She also received orders from other countries, thanks to an article in the New York art journal “Creative Art” (1929). Ida Dehmel created the Association of German and Austrian Artists’ Associations of All Genres (GEDOK) in 1926, and Roth was a member of it. She went to France after the National Socialists were put into power in 1933.
She chose to leave Europe two years later and travel to Palestine, initially to Jerusalem and then to Tel Aviv. Some of the pieces she brought with her were shown in Tel Aviv in 1936. She manufactured jewellery and Jewish ritual objects when there were no orders for larger pieces of silver.
Carl J.A. Begeer met her at the ‘Europaisches Kunstgewerbe’ show in Leipzig in 1927. Between 1935 and 1938, she worked in the Netherlands at Zilverfabriek Voorschoten, where she manufactured plain Modern table silver for industrial manufacturing. She moved to Palestine in 1940 and died in Tel Aviv in 1942.
Bergvelt, E. (1986). Industry & Design in the Netherlands: 1850-1950 ; Stedelij Museum Amsterdam, 21. December – 9. February 1986.
Bröhan Torsten, Berg, T., Flett, I., & Berthold, A. (2001). Design classics: 1880-1930. Taschen.
Byars, M., & Riley, T. (2004). The design encyclopedia. Laurence King Publishing.
Krekel-Aalberse, A. (1989). Art Nouveau and Art Deco silver. Thames and Hudson.
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