Styling of original Volkswagen and Porsche 356
Erwin Komenda (1904 – 1966) was a Austrian automobile designer for Daimler Benz, responsible for car body development. In 1934, he joined Ferdinand Porsche’s design bureau in Stuttgart and began work on the styling of the Volkswagen, the people’s car. Porsche designed the vehicle itself. The car’s streamlined appearance results from Komenda’s experiments in the wind tunnel of the Zeppelin works in Friedrichshafen, and later in a wind tunnel operated by Swiss Wunibald Kamm in Stuttgart (1893-1966). Kamm’s aerodynamics work established the scientific principles of automobile design streamlining. He, like Komenda, was a Daimler Benz employee.
Komenda’s styling for the Porsche 356 owes a great deal to Kamm’s theories. From the Volkswagen ‘Beetle’ to the Porsche 911, one stylistic convention is how the car’s body rapidly recedes at the rear.
Dormer, P. (1999). The Illustrated Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Designers. Greenwich.
More Austrian Designers
Herbert Bayer (1900 – 1985) – Universal Typeface – Bauhaus Master
The universal typeface, 1925, was a geometric alphabet based on bar and circle and was designed by Herbert Bayer (1900) to function efficiently in a technological society. Bayer rejected the “archaic and complicated gothic alphabet” which lingered in the most scientifically advanced society of its time, Germany of the first world war period and the postwar era.
Lucie Rie (1902 – 1995) British Ceramicist
Lucie Rie (1902 – 1995) was an Austrian-born British ceramicist. Between 1922-26, she studied fine art, at Kunstgewerbeschule, Vienna, under Michael Powolny. Her most famous works are vases, bottles, and bowls inspired by Japan. Lucie Rie Footed Bowl c. 1951, owned by publisher Susan Shaw. Gold medal for work in the Austrian pavilion at the 1937 Paris ‘Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques clans la Vie Moderne’ Exhibition of her work at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
Ettore Sottsass (1917-2007) Father of Anti-Design
Although trained and active as an architect, Sottsass secured a permanent place in pop culture with his designs of everyday items. From 1957, he was a consultant designer at Olivetti, where he designed computers, adding machines, typewriters, and systems furniture.
Frederick Kiesler Austrian American Designer
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Hattie Carnegie (1886 – 1956) Austrian Clothing Designer, Jeweller
Her family settled in the USA when she was in her teens and took the Carnegie name. In 1909, with a friend, she opened a tiny dress and hat shop, New York, known as Carnegie—Ladies’ Hatter.
Frederick Kiesler (1890 – 1965) Austrian architect designer
From 1920, he collaborated briefly with Adolf Loos. in the 1920s. He designed theatre sets and interiors; in 1923, he joined the group De Sujl and, in the same year, developed the design of his ‘Endless’ house and theatre.
Caricaturist Illustrates – What’s Wrong With Today’s Society
Haderer had even gone to court over one of his works, “The Life of Jesus,” which sparked heated reactions across the country, particularly among Catholics. He was able to change the verdict a few months later, after being sentenced to a six-month ban.
Franz Schuster (1892 – 1976) Austrian Furniture Manufacturer
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Erwin Komenda (1904 – 1966) Austrian Automobile Designer
In 1934, he joined Ferdinand Porsche’s design bureau in Stuttgart and began work on the styling of the Volkswagen, the people’s car.
Richard Josef Neutra (1892 – 1970) Austrian American Architect & Designer
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Jean Perzel (1892 – 1986) Austrian Lighting Designer
He began painting on glass at a young age and worked as a stained glass artist in Munich. He worked in many workshops in Paris starting in 1919, including Jacques Gruber’s. He saw that electric illumination was nothing more than a transformation of oil lamps and candlesticks. He made his first lamps in the style of Romanesque church windows.
Shoe Chair by Birgit Jürgenssen
Birgit Jürgenssen works with constellations and interactions influenced by gender-specific projections, physicality, and identification. Her affiliation in the feminist-oriented group DIE DAMEN (with Evelyne Egerer, Birgit Jürgenssen, ONA B., Ingeborg Strobl, and Lawrence Weiner) aided her in placing her objects between everyday life and role play.
Hans Hollein (1934 – 2014) Austrian architect and designer
Hollein was born in Vienna and graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna in 1956. He studied in Clemens Holzmeister’s master class. He studied at the Illinois Institute of Technology in 1959 and subsequently at the University of California, Berkeley.
Emanuel Margold – Austrian Architect, Interior Designer, Ceramicist
He was a prolific designer of furniture, glass, and porcelain in Darmstadt.
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Wiener Werkstatte was based on the ideals of the guild system & developed a direct relationship between designers and craftspeople. READ MORE >
Valerie Wieselthier (1896 – 1945) Austrian-American ceramic artist
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Dagobert Peche (1887 – 1923) Austrian artist and designer
He devised wholly new, amusing forms, frequently in simple materials like tole and cardboard; the conditions caused by World War I dictated the use of low-cost raw materials.
Friedl Dicker (1899 – 1944) Austrian architect and furniture, interior, and textile designer
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Bruno Pollack (1902 – 1985) – Austrian furniture designer
Pollack invented a tubular steel stacking chair, model RP7, which was manufactured from c1932 and revolutionised auditorium seating with its stacking concept. Cox, a British furniture maker, was embroiled in a legal battle with rival Pel in 1934 over the Rp6 stacking chair, which Pel had bought the rights from Pollack.
Otto Wagner: An Architectural Colouring Book
By the time the Viennese architect Otto Wagner (1841-1918) began publishing the drawings included in this colouring book, he had already spent much of his career designing historicist-style buildings. But his attitude was changing, and he completely ignored those early designs in time.
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Swarovski Austrian Glass Company
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Josef Maria Olbrich Austrian Artist, Architect and Designer
Josef Maria Olbrich, born in Troppau, was an Austrian artist, architect and designer who worked in Vienna and Darmstadt. From 1882, under Camillo Sitte, he studied at the Staatsgewrbeschule, Vienna. In 1890, he studied at the Akademie der bildenden under Carl von Hasenauer.
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