The Bolsheviks grabbed control of the printing presses in order to gain support for their ideology. Despite a lack of resources and equipment, they produced newspapers, leaflets, and posters in a timely manner. The profusion of colourful propaganda posters altered towns and cities, resulting in a sort of street art that was accessible to everyone.
Gustav Klutsis was a Latvian artist and graphic, poster and applied arts designer who was a devoted supporter of the Boshevik regime and a member of the communist party. He was the pioneer of photomontage in the Soviet Union and an acclaimed graphic designer and painter. Influences included Suprematism and Constructivism.
Agitprop art (or the art of agitation) was used to manipulate ideological beliefs, specifically to spread the ideals of Communism in Russia in the period immediately following the 1917 revolution. The term ‘agitprop’ (an abbreviation for agitation propaganda: ‘agitational propaganda’) was first used shortly after the Revolution, and the Communist Party established the Department of Agitation and Propaganda in 1920.
In 1907, Adamovich travelled to Italy to study decorative painting after graduating from Moscow’s Strogonov School of Art and Industrial Design. In 1909, he returned to Russia to paint murals in both St Petersburg and Moscow. He worked in the art department of the State Porcelain Factory after the First World War (known as the Imperial Porcelain Factory before the Russian Revolution and, after 1925, the Lomonosov State Porcelain Factory).
In the early days of the Bolshevik revolution artists in their teens and early twenties passionately connected themselves to the collectivist goals of communism. Their motives certainly combined idealism with opportunism – a chance to ride the aesthetic revolution to fame on the political upheaval.
The Imperial Porcelain Factory is a manufacturer of hand-painted ceramics in Saint Petersburg, Russia, also known as the Imperial Porcelain Manufacturer (IPM). It was founded by Dmitry Ivanovich Vinogradov in 1744 and has been sponsored by the Russian tsars since Empress Elizabeth. Many still refer to the factory, the Lomonosov Porcelain Factory, by its well-known former name.