Synthetic cubism is the later phase of cubism, generally considered to have run from about 1912 to 1914, characterised by simpler shapes and brighter colours.
To classify revolutionary experiments made by Georges Braque, Pablo Picasso, and Juan Gris, historians tend to divide cubism into two stages, analytical and synthetic.
Synthetic cubism began when artists began adding textures and patterns to their paintings, experimenting with collage using newspaper prints and paper patterns. Analytical cubism was about breaking the point of view of an object (like a bottle) into a fragmentary image. In contrast, synthetic cubism was about flattening the image and sweeping away the last traces of an allusion to three-dimensional space.
Picasso’s paper collés are an excellent example of synthetic cubism.
Tate. Synthetic cubism – Art Term. Tate. https://www.tate.org.uk/art/art-terms/s/synthetic-cubism.
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