Punk – Anarchy is order not chaos
The realities of dissatisfied working-class urban teenagers with little hope of a job, housing, or a meaningful future shaped Punk in the mid-1970s. Its visual expression in clothing was “the sartorial equivalent of swearwords,” as cultural sociologist Dick Hebdige put it at the time, and was in opposition to conventional fashion, with bondage trousers and ripped clothing, often made from unusual materials like fake leopard skin or plastic binliners.
Personal ornamentation in the form of safety pins, body piercing, and dangling chains, as well as hefty high-laced Doc Marten’s boots, were all connected with types of social ‘deviancy.’ Punk graphics, like punk music, were immediate and required little ability to manufacture in the traditional sense; they were defined by the development of several low-tech fanzines, such as Sniffin Glue, which began publication in 1976. Crudely created pages defined the style with handwritten, graffiti-like insertions and typographic errors and letters pulled out of other sources. With record covers for companies like Factory Records and Stiff Records, and the emergence of designers like Jamie Reid, who designed the controversial sleeve for the Punk band the Sex Pistols’ single God Save the Queen in 1977, showing the defaced head of Queen Elizabeth II, such ideas gained wider currency in the Punk music scene.
The Sex Pistols were founded in 1974 by entrepreneur Malcolm McClaren and fashion designer Vivienne Westwood in their King’s Road Sex store. Reid, Malcolm Garrett, and Peter Saville, all strongly identified with Punk music visuals, had all attended art school and, along with others like Neville Brody, revived graphic design by fusing Punk’s vibrancy and iconoclasm with graphic skill and knowledge of Postmodern eclecticism. However, like many other extreme challenges to everyday lives, the style’s commercialisation removed any threat, as it did with hippies and Psychedelia in the previous decade.
Woodham, J. M. (2006). A dictionary of modern design. Oxford University Press.
More Design Concepts and Movements
Bracket Foot – What is it?
Bracket foot. In furniture, a right-angled foot, with each Inner and Curt. Bracket feet may be straight or ogee (a double curve also known as a cyma curve, typical in Chippendale Designs) or French ( a flared foot standard in the furniture of Hepplewhite and his successors).
Garniture – Decorative set of Porcelain
Garniture. A Decorative set of porcelain may be displayed above or below a cabinet or table.
The Origins of Punk
The realities of dissatisfied working-class urban teenagers with little hope of a job, housing, or a meaningful future shaped Punk in the mid-1970s.
Dutch Design – what is it?
The phrase “Dutch Design” refers to an informal artistic school of design in the Netherlands, particularly in product design. More specifically, the word refers to the design aesthetic used by Dutch designers.
Typography Glossary – Design Terms
It helps to have an appropriate language to talk about typography. The following is a glossary of some of the words and their definitions that are used to described typography.
Taylorism was a search for industrial efficiency
His 1911 book Principles of Scientific Management outlined these concepts, and they have influenced various aspects of design, including labour-saving kitchens and more ergonomic household equipment. These included the writings of fellow American Christine Frederick, who published Scientific Management in the Home in 1915, and Lillian Gilbreth’s assessments of domestic efficiency for the Brooklyn Gas Company in 1930, which looked at the kitchen as a location of industrial production.
Adhocism – an idea of improvisation
‘Adhocism’ ideas were coined in their book Adhocism: The Case for Improvisation by architect, theoretician, former Designer Charles Jencks and Nathan Silver (1972).
Vorticism British Art Movement – 1914 – 1918
Vorticist painting merged cubist reality fragmentation with hard-edged imagery taken from machines and urban environments. It was essentially a British version of futurism, albeit with ideological distinctions. Lewis was a staunch opponent of the futurists. Lawrence Atkinson, Jessica Dismorr, Cuthbert Hamilton, William Roberts, Helen Saunders, Edward Wadsworth, and the sculptors’ Sir Jacob Epstein and Henri Gaudier-Brzeska were among the group’s other members.
Sgraffito – Design Term
Sgraffito is a scratched pottery decoration, first used in China, which spread across Europe via Persia. The vessel is immersed in slip, and then the decoration is scratched on the surface to reveal the darker body below. It was often used with maiolica from Italy.
“Just in time” design concept
Just in time” design concept, this practice became an increasingly important aspect of economic manufacturing and distribution. The ability to link sales data from retail outlets and checkout terminals with centralised corporate manufacturing and distribution systems ‘just in time’ eliminated the need for manufacturer-retailers like Benetton, an Italian clothing company, to keep large amounts of stock on hand (thus wasting valuable space).
Linoleum created as an inexpensive floor covering
Frederick Walton invented linoleum in Britain in 1860. Walton coated flax cloth with a combination of gum, cork dust, resin and linseed oil in search of a cheap floor covering. An amalgamation of the Latin Linum (‘flax’) and oleum (‘oil’) formed the word linoleum.
Surrealism – Art & Design Term
Surrealism was one of the most influential and disruptive trends of the twentieth century, flourishing especially in the 1920s and 1930s and offering a radical contrast to Cubism’s rational and formal features. It emphasised the positive rather than the nihilistic, unlike Dada, from which it derived in many aspects. Surrealism aimed to gain access to the subconscious mind and convert this stream of thought into art.
Kansei Engineering Applied to Design
A conceptual dimension in web design, development and thinking is called “Kansei engineering” a deeply held philosophy that every web site should be designed and developed to provide strong emotional as well as functional satisfaction to its user.
ISOTYPE – International System of Typographic Picture Education
ISOTYPE was created as a mechanism of communicating statistics using graphic symbols. It was an essential part of Otto Neurath’s (1882–1945) worldwide graphic language, which he created in Vienna following World War I. Originally known as the Vienna Method of Pictorial Statistics, ISOTYPE was created to make complex statistical information about housing, health, education, and other vital priorities more understandable to the general public in the difficult economic and political circumstances of 1920s Vienna by presenting the data in a visually appealing format.
Baroque – Art Term
The Catholic Counter-Reformation is closely related with Baroque, which peaked in Rome around 1630–1680. Despite its origins in Rome, the Baroque style influenced people all around Europe. Its rapid pace, striking realism (giving spectators the feeling that they were watching an actual event), and direct emotional appeal were perfectly suited to announcing the Catholic Church’s renewed vitality.
Defining Asymmetrical Balance and Determining Its Use in Art and Design
Design principles are the foundation of a good design. The design principles you learned will guide you in creating visual media. An efficient design will guide the viewer to see what you intend for them to look in the way you intended for them to see it.
Exploring fractals and design
Fractals are intricate geometric structures created when patterns (or pieces of patterns) are altered and duplicated at ever-diminishing scales. Besides having a tremendously important effect across a range of sciences, fractals make a stunning picture on your tablet. Even simple shapes can quickly grow complicated when they are altered again and again. A close look can reveal endless variations of the same design theme.
Glasgow School – Art & Design Term
“Glasgow School’ is a term used to describe several groups of artists based in Glasgow. The first and most significant of these groups was a loose association of artists active from around 1880 to the turn of the century; there was no formal membership or programme, but the artists involved (who prefered to be known as the Glasgow Boys) were united by a desire to move away from the conservative and parochial values they believed the Royal Scottish Academy in Edinburgh represented. The group’s most well-known members were Sir James Guthrie (1859–1930) and Sir John Lavery. Several of them had lived and worked in France, and they were proponents of outdoor painting. The group’s heydey was gone by 1900, and it did not survive the First World War. Still, it offered a significant spur for Scottish art in the twentieth century, paving the way for the Scottish Colourists. From roughly 1890 through 1910, a slightly later group created a different style of Art Nouveau. Charles Rennie Mackintosh, the architect and designer, was its most significant member.
Neue Sachlichkeit – Design Term
Neue Sachlichkeit was a term coined in 1923 by Gustav Hartlaub, director of the Kunsthalle, Mannheim, as the title of an exhibition he organised to demonstrate the progress of post-war painting in Germany.
Mission Furniture – Design Dictionary Term
Mission Furniture – Design Dictionary Term. The early twentieth-century American furniture design style. American Arts and Crafts
Jugendstil an artistic style
Jugendstil, an artistic style that originated around the mid-1890s in Germany and persisted throughout the first decade of the 20th century. READ MOR
Neon Lighting – Dictionary – Design Term
Neon Lighting. Semiflexible, hollow tubes of clear acrylic with small bulbs inside that can be connected to light up all at once or sequentially to produce a “chasing” effect. It’s also known as disco lighting, and it’s given homeowners new illumination alternatives. Lights designers consider neon lighting to be an art form.
Arabesque form of artistic decoration
The arabesque is a form of artistic decoration consisting of “surface decorations based on rhythmic linear patterns of scrolling and interlacing foliage, tendrils” or simple lines, often combined with other elements.
Carrara marble – “Luni marble”
Carrara marble is a white or blue-grey marble that is commonly used in sculpture and building decor. Carrara in the province of Massa and Carrara in the Lunigiana, the northernmost tip of modern-day Tuscany, Italy, is where it is quarried.
Agitprop art – Design and Art Term
Agitprop art (or the art of agitation) was used to manipulate ideological beliefs, specifically to spread the ideals of Communism in Russia in the period immediately following the 1917 revolution. The term ‘agitprop’ (an abbreviation for agitation propaganda: ‘agitational propaganda’) was first used shortly after the Revolution, and the Communist Party established the Department of Agitation and Propaganda in 1920.
Suprematism Russian abstract art & design style
Suprematism was a non-objective style of art developed by Kasimir Malevich in which ‘modern symbols’ such as the rectangle, triangle, and circle replaced the more conventional obsession with the human face and natural objects.
Industrial Design – design for mass production
After 1865, as industrialisation accelerated and consumer products proliferated, producers were forced to concentrate on product appearance. Ordinary people desired comfort, even luxury: patent furniture, opulent home interiors, and eclectic mail-order products.
Capitalisation rules – the basics
If you have ever read an old newspaper (early nineteenth century) and you look carefully at the old broadsheets. You will notice that words are capitalised here and there and that the rules of capitalisation, some of which you will learn shortly, seem nonexistent.
Swedish Modern – Scandinavian respect for design
In the 1930s, when modern Swedish design was becoming more well-known in Europe and the United States, this term became popular. However, it peaked in the 1950s. It combined many of Modernism’s characteristics with natural materials like wood and Scandinavian respect for craftsmanship.
Salon des Arts Ménagers (1923) French information provider on domestic management
This institution began as the ‘Salon des Appareils Ménagers’ in the Champ de Mars in Paris in 1923 to provide information to the French on all aspects of domestic management, furnishing, and decoration. The Salon moved to the Grand Palais in 1926, when it was renamed the ‘Salon des Arts Ménagers.’ This first exhibition, which was largely devoted to domestic appliances, drew over 100,000 visitors.
Surrealism – what was it?
Surrealism was one of the most important and subversive movements of the 20th century flourished, especially in the 1920s and 1930s and provided a radical alternative to cubism’s rational and formal qualities. Unlike Dada, from which it emerged in many ways, it emphasised the positive rather than the nihilistic.
Anthropometrics a systematic study of human measurement
Anthropometrics is a systematic study of human measurement that was increasingly used by designers dealing with design issues involving human movement in the decades following WWII. Their implementation of a more analytical and methodical approach to design problems had a lot in common with the techniques studied at the Hochschule für Gestaltung in Ulm from the mid-1950s to the 1960s, as well as the Design Methods trend.
ABS was a new breed of plastics
ABS (acrylontrile‐butadiene‐styrene) was one of a slew of modern plastics that appeared in the aftermath of World War II. ABS sheets may be injection moulded, blow moulded, thermoformed, or vacuum-formed to create solid content.
Pâte de Verre – art and design term
Pâte de Verre (French, “glass paste”) is a material produced by grinding glass into a fine powder, adding a binder to create a paste, and adding a fluxing medium to facilitate melting. The paste is brushed or tamped into a mould, dried, and fused by firing. After annealing, the object is removed from the mould and finished.
Lithography (Design Term)
A method of printing from a design drawn directly on a slab of stone or
Maiolica tin-glazed earthenware a product of the Renaissance
Maiolica is a tin-glazed earthenware that was produced during the Renaissance in Italy. The name comes from Majorca, the island from which, in the 15th century, a lot of Hispano-Moresque tin-glazed pottery was brought into Italy. The technique of covering with a tin glaze earthenware was similar to that used elsewhere in Europe for delftware and faience.
Basse-taille – Design Term
Basse-taille is a method for enamelling the graves or graves low-reliefs on a metal surface,
Synthetic cubism – art & design term
Synthetic cubism is the later phase of cubism, generally considered to have run from about 1912 to 1914, characterised by simpler shapes and brighter colours.
Affichiste (design term)
Affichiste. Name (literally ‘poster designer’) taken by the French artists and photographers Raymond Hains (1926-) and Jacques de la Villeglé (1926-), who met in 1949 and created a technique to create collages from pieces of torn-down posters during the early 1950s. These works, which they displayed for the first time in 1957, were called affiches lacérées (torn posters).
Rococo – art | design term
Rococo is a term used in the visual arts to characterise the light, elegant, and sensuous style that emerged in France in the early 18th century reached its apogee in the 1730s and was gradually replaced in the 1760s by the strict, moralising characteristics of Neoclassicism.
Fibreglass exciting early design medium
Known as glass-enhanced plastic (GRP) in Britain, fibre-enhanced plastic (FRP) in the USA or by the trade name fibreglass (after the manufacturer Fibreglass Ltd.), GRP has been used for a wide range of applications from car body panels and boat hulls to furniture and tennis rackets.
What is encyclopedia.design?
Check out my latest landing page.
Branding – Design Term
How names, logos, icons, trademarks or product designs endow products or services with a recognisable
Ceramics a gift from the ancients
Ceramics are objects made of moistened clay, shaped and then baked. All ceramics are Earthenware, terracotta, brick, tile, faience, majolica, stoneware, and porcelain. Ceramicware is decorated with clay inlays, relief patterns on the surface, or incised, stamped or embossed designs.
Good Design – form vs. decoration
Although designers, critics, theorists, and historians have offered countless definitions of ‘good design for centuries.
Shagreen – Design Term
Shagreen glasses case, China 19th Century Shagreen is fish skin used as a veneer to
Necker cube and the problem of perception
The Necker cube illustrates how the eye can reach two conclusions. The two squares in the Necker cube can be perceived as either the front or the rear surface of the cube.
Gestalt – design from chaos to order
As a visual designer, I am fascinated how people process visual perceptual information. The design
Gesamtkunstwerk – Complete Art Work
The Bauhaus school was founded on the idea of Gesamtkunstwerk. Gesamtkunstwerk is an Artistic term;
❤️ Receive our newsletter
- Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window)
- Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)
- Click to print (Opens in new window)