Arnold Krog (1856 – 1931) Danish Designer – Royal Copenhagen

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Arnold Krog (1856–1931) was a Danish architect, painter, and designer who is remembered for his achievements as the artistic director of Royal Copenhagen from 1884–1916. He revived the company after a period of decline, moving away from the stiff Empire style of previous decades in favour of a more Impressionist style that combined underglaze painting techniques with inspiration from Japanese imagery and European naturalism. He designed the Polar Bear Fountain for the Peace Palace in The Hague. He has also designed furniture and silverware and took up landscape painting after he retired from the porcelain factory in 1916.

Early life & education

Krog was born in Frederiksværk, the son of inspector at Frederiksværk Iron Works Hans Jacob Grøgaard Krog (1822–88) and Jenny Meyer (1824–1905). He graduated from Efterslægtselskabets Skole in 1873. He then apprenticed as a mason for half a year under C. Wienberg and studied drawing under C. V. Nielsen.

He enrolled at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts School of Architecture in October 1874, graduating in 1880. In 1877–78, together with Martin Nyrop, Hack Kampmann, and Martin Borch, he contributed to Hans J. Holm’s surveying of Kronborg Castle. He studied Majolica ceramics on a journey to Italy in 1877–83. He also worked as a draughtsman for Ludvig Fenger and contributed to Ferdinand Meldahl and Heinrich Hansen’s interior restoration of Frederiksborg Castle. He also received attention for his Moorish Hall at the Panopticon Building in Copenhagen.

Vase designed by Arnold Krog (1898)
Vase designed by Arnold Krog (1898)

Royal Copenhagen

After Aluminia acquired the Royal Copenhagen Porcelain Manufactury in 1882, its director, Philip Schou (1838-1922), sought someone to revive the stagnating company artistically. In 1884 he asked the xylographer Frederik Hendriksen for advice on the matter, and he proposed Krog as a possible candidate for the job. Krog was hired on a trial basis in October 1884 and was appointed artistic director of the company permanently in January 1885.

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Krog introduced a new style with inspiration from Japanese porcelain and nature. His achievements won recognition at the Nordic Exhibition of 1888 in Copenhagen and international attention at the 1891 General Land Centennial Exhibition in Paris, where the company won the grand Prix. It was also for the Nordic Exhibition 1888 that Arnold Krog introduced the first underglaze memorial plate from Royal Copenhagen, which would become the inspiration for the later Danish Christmas plates.

Sources

Arnold Krog – Wikipedia. (2019, May 1). Arnold Krog – Wikipedia. Retrieved January 9, 2023, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arnold_Krog

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