Porsgrunds Porselænsfabrik is a Norwegian porcelain manufacturer. For over 130 years, it has supplied the Norwegian market with crockery and ornaments in porcelain. From 1930 to 1980, Porsgrund was one of Norway’s leading design companies, and they received both national and international design awards.
Founded by Johan Jeremiassen in 1885, Porsgrund Porcelain Factory in Porsgrunn started production on 10 February 1887. The first and largest porcelain factory in Norway was still in its original buildings in the mid-2000s, using its original recipes.
At the Nordic Industry, Agriculture and Art Exhibition in Copenhagen in 1888, Porsgrund’s Porcelain Factory displayed historical styles within a high-price segment. After a few years of operation, the factory began to engage renowned artists for individual assignments. The first example of this was Gerhard Munthe, who made the decor Blaaveis in 1892.
The factory was divided into units responsible for industrial production and craftsmanship, and established artists were employed as designers and decorators. In 1901, Porsgrund set up an underglaze decoration department, which Arnold Krog completed at the Kongelige Porcelænsfabrik in Copenhagen.
Visual artist Thorolf Holmboe was highly important for Porsgrund’s rich and expressive nature motifs taken from a Norwegian reality and recreated in the underglaze technique. Even with such products in its range, Porsgrund’s production lacked an artistic identity. Therefore, the company was heavily criticized for this older, naturalistic decor during the Association of Applied Arts’ ceramic exhibition in 1918.
Successful modern designs began to be produced by hiring designers; Hans Flygenring in 1920 and Nora Gulbrandsen in 1927.
In 1903, Rose Martin, a Dane who had done technical work at the Kongelige Porcelænsfabrik, was appointed its technical director. Nora Gulbrandsen (1894–1978) was artistic director from 1928 to 1945; Art Deco and Functionalist designs were prominent under her leadership.
Byars, M., & Riley, T. (2004). The design encyclopedia. Laurence King Publishing.
Galicki, M., Storsletten, O., Seip, E., Tucker, M., Christie, S., Berman, P., Lien, S., Kokkin, J., Anker, P., Opstad, L., Campbell, G., Kjellberg, A., Brekke, N., Skedsmo, T., Tschudi-Madsen, S., Meyer, S., & Cieszkowski, K. (2003). Norway, Kingdom of. Grove Art Online. Retrieved 25 January 2021
Larsen, F., Porselænsfabrik, P., Mæhlum, L., Nasjonalmuseet, Linder, M., & Bjørgli, N. /. Porsgrunds Porselænsfabrik. Store norske leksikon. https://snl.no/Porsgrunds_Porsel%C3%A6nsfabrik.
Shop Nordic Glass
You also may be interested in…
Anders B. Liljefors Swedish Ceramicist – Encyclopedia of Design
Anders Liljefors was a Swedish ceramicist. He initially concerned himself with household ware, discovered a new method of casting ceramics in a sand mould, and worked feverishly to extract new and unexpected effects from this material during the later years of his life. Between 1942 and 1943 he studied sculpture and painting, Grünewalds måiarskola, Stockholm.
Swedish Glass Design is inventive and well crafted – Encyclopedia of Design
Well crafted and masterfully designed glassworks have become one of Swedish design’s most recognisable and sought-after products. Since World War II, both in terms of design and production, Orrefors Kosta Boda and numerous other speciality glassmakers have gained Sweden a worldwide reputation for quality and sophistication.